Arthritis refers to inflammation of the joints. Your joints can become stiff or deformed, resulting
in decreased mobility and increased disability. In the foot and ankle, osteoarthritis and
rheumatoid arthritis are common conditions.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease caused by overuse of the affected joint(s). It is usually
caused by degeneration of the joints, of which the cartilage (cushion between the bones)
deteriorates, resulting in the bones rubbing against each other. This added friction can
result in pain, swelling, and decreased motion. Osteoarthritis primarily affects weight-bearing
areas, such as the knees, hips and spine. Causes of osteoarthritis include genetics, gender
(females are more prone to it), obesity, sports injuries, illness or infection, and ageing.
Although it is usually a disease present in older people, young people can also get osteoarthritis from sports injuries.
Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by the immune system attacking your body (instead of protecting
it), causing inflammation of the joints.
Common symptoms include a dull ache that worsens throughout the day, a sensation of grating or
grinding in the affected joint due to rubbing of the damaged cartilage surfaces (crepitation),
changes in surrounding joints, pain, stiffness, swelling, or warmth felt at affected joint
due to inflammation.
If you experience any of these symptoms, consult your orthopaedic specialist. Your doctor will
recommend treatment options that best suit your lifestyle needs. Find out more about the
treatment options and
sports rehabilitation services available.