Kanker Nasofaring (Hidung)

  • What is Nasopharynx (Nose) Cancer?

    Nasopharynx cancer (NPC), commonly known as nose cancer, is an abnormal growth of tissue in the nasopharynx, which is the area behind the nose just above the mouth and throat. This abnormal growth is called a tumour that develops when the cells in the nasopharynx divide uncontrollably to produce extra tissue.

    NPC can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). It is the sixth most common head and neck cancer among men in Singapore.

  • The exact causes of NPC are unclear. However, there are several risk factors that can increase the chances of developing NPC:

    • Tobacco smoking
    • An Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is a common viral infection, which usually results in mild symptoms such as fever and sore throat. It has been linked to NPC development as the virus has been found in nearly all NPC cells. However, an EBV infection on its own is not enough to cause NPC.
    • NPC is also common in Chinese (especially Cantonese) people and in men aged between 20 – 50 years.
    • NPC has also been linked to certain dietary habits. For instance, it is very common in Asia, North Africa and the Arctic, which are known for diets that are high in salt, cured fish and meat.
  • The symptoms of NPC include:

    • Blocked nose and stuffiness
    • Blood-stained sputum (phlegm) from the nose and throat
    • Blurry vision
    • Difficulty speaking or breathing
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Earache or ear discharge
    • Tiredness
    • Hearing loss or tinnitus (ringing in the ear), usually affecting only one side
    • Hoarse voice
    • Lumps in the neck or on the nose
    • Persistent sore throat
    • Recurring headaches
    • Recurring nosebleeds
    • Unexplained weight loss
  • There are different treatment options available for NPC. Your ENT (ears, nose and throat) specialist will evaluate your condition and suggest the appropriate treatment for you, depending on your cancer stage and overall general health. Treatment may include:

    • Chemotherapy uses 1 or a combination of toxic drugs that circulate in the bloodstream and kill rapidly growing cells, including healthy ones. Chemotherapy helps to reduce the symptoms of NPC.
    • After resection (removal) of the primary tumour, neck dissection surgery is performed to remove surrounding cancerous lymph nodes if the NPC has spread to them. 
    • Radiation therapy is the most common form of treatment of NPC. This treatment can be given in several ways:
      1. Brachytherapy uses thin metal rods containing radioactive materials to deliver radiation to cancer cells.
      2. Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is a radiation method that allows the accurate, computer-guided delivery of radiation beams to destroy cancer cells, while sparing surrounding healthy tissues.
      3. Radiotherapy or external energy beams can be used to destroy cancer cells and reduce the symptoms of NPC.
      4. Surgery removes nasopharyngeal tumours for the few NPC cases that do not respond to radiation therapy.
  • Spesialis Kami

    Ada 40 SpesialisLihat Semua

    • Ang Cher Siang Peter

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Oncocare Women's Cancer Clinic
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #06-22/23
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6252 5325
      Klinik:
      Oncocare Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #12-05 / #17-05
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Nomor Kontak:
      6836 5201
    • Ang Peng Tiam

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Parkway Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      3 Mount Elizabeth, Level 2 Mount Elizabeth Hospital
      Singapore 228510
      Nomor Kontak:
      67370733
      Klinik:
      Parkway Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-43/50 to 55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6684 5522
    • Au Siew Cheng Elizabeth

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Elizabeth Au Oncology
      Lokasi:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #11-01
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Nomor Kontak:
      67374588
    • Chan Boon Yeow Daniel

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Icon Cancer Centre Novena
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #06-24/25
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6266 2273
      Klinik:
      Icon Cancer Centre Mount Elizabeth
      Lokasi:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-03/04
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Nomor Kontak:
      67378000
    • Chia Whay Kuang John

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Curie Oncology
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-21/29/30
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6259 5538; 6592 8615
    • Chin Tan Min

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Parkway Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-43/50 To 55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6684 5522
      Klinik:
      Parkway Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #10-11/12
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Nomor Kontak:
      68363665
    • Choo Su Pin

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Curie Oncology
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-21/29/30
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6259 5538; 6592 8615
    • Chopra Akhil

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Oncocare Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #09-59/60/61/62/63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6694 1721
    • Chuah Yen Seong Benjamin

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Oncocare Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #09-59/60/61/62/63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6694 1721
      Klinik:
      Oncocare Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-05
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Nomor Kontak:
      6836 5201
      Klinik:
      Oncocare Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #09-59/60/61/62/63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6694 1721
    • Foo Kian Fong

      Spesialisasi:
      Onkologi Medis

      Lihat Profil

      Klinik:
      Parkway Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #13-16/17
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Nomor Kontak:
      67338118
      Klinik:
      Parkway Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-43/50 to 55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6684 5522
      Klinik:
      Parkway Cancer Centre
      Lokasi:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-43/50 To 55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Nomor Kontak:
      6684 5522

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