While there is no cure for gout, its symptoms can be controlled by diet changes and medication. These include:
- Avoiding foods rich in purine such as alcohol, liver, kidney, salmon, sardine, dry beans, beancurd and soy
- Limiting daily intake of protein-rich food such as red meat
- Anti-gout medicine to help relieve acute pain and prevent acute attacks
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), administered by oral tablets or intramuscular injections
- Steroids injections to relieve pain during an acute attack
Surgery is rarely used to treat gout, but may occasionally be needed to remove infected uric acid crystals, or those that interfere with joint movement.
Unless the high uric level in your blood is reduced, uric acid crystals tend to recur. Consult an orthopaedic surgeon to determine the treatment method most suitable for you.
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