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Hand Trauma

  • What is Hand Trauma?

    Hand trauma ranges from simple fingertip injuries to tendon injuries and fractures.

    Hand injuries can be divided into six general categories:

    • Burns
    • Cuts (Lacerations)
    • Fractures and dislocations
    • High pressure injuries (from grease and paint guns)
    • Infections
    • Soft tissue (flesh) injuries and amputations
  • Hand injuries are usually caused by accidents, sports injuries or repetitive-use injuries.

  • The symptoms of Hand Injuries vary depending on the type of injury, how the injury occurred (mechanism), depth, severity and location. Common symptoms of Hand Injuries include:

    • Burns — Tenderness or complete numbness, deformity, discolouration, loss of tissue, change in texture of skin, redness, blistering, black areas of tissue
    • Fractures and dislocations — Tenderness, deformity, swelling and discolouration, decreased range of motion, numbness, weakness, bleeding
    • High pressure injuries — Pain, swelling, occasional skin discolouration
    • Infections — Tenderness, localised warmth, redness, swelling, fever (rare in hand infections), deformity, decreased range of motion
    • Lacerations — Tenderness (pain), bleeding, numbness, decreased range of motion (difficulty moving), weakness, pallor (pale or bloodless)
    • Soft tissue (flesh) injuries and amputations — Tenderness, deformity (with or without tissue and bone loss), swelling and discolouration, bleeding, weakness, numbness
  • Treatment varies according to the type of injury.

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