As prostate cancer develops slowly, and treatment may have risks, doctors often simply monitor the tumour rather than treat it immediately. Treatment depends on your symptoms, age and general health, and on the type and stage of the cancer.
- Surgery to remove the prostate — side effects of urinary incontinence and impotence may occur
- Hormone therapy to counter the effect of testosterone
- Chemotherapy to relieve the symptoms of prostate cancer
- Radiation therapy (high-energy X-rays) to kill the cancer cells
- Radioactive implants (brachytherapy) to deliver a high dose of radiation
If you are older than 50 years, you should discuss the possibility of prostate cancer screening with your doctor.