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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  • What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural disorder that affects the behaviour or development of young children. Children suffering from ADHD show signs of inattention, overactivity or impulsiveness. Many children with ADHD can’t explain why they might feel out of control sometimes or very lonely.

    The normal attention span of children usually develops in 3 stages. They go from focussing on only 1 object for a very long time, to developing a wide but quick attention span, and finally they reach the selective attention stage where they can willingly shift their focus. The last stage is important for the child to work in a classroom setting. ADHD is more common in boys than girls, and children with ADHD start to develop symptoms before they turn 7 years old.

  • The causes of ADHD include:

    • Brain infections, head injury and lead poisoning
    • Drug use, high blood pressure and infections during pregnancy
    • Hereditary (genetic)
    • Neurological (brain) imbalance affecting areas that control focusing, planning and organisation
  • There are 3 main signs linked with ADHD:

    • Being overactive
    • Displaying impulsive behaviour, being short tempered and prone to accidents
    • Inability to pay attention or concentrate on tasks

     

    These symptoms can lead to the child facing the following challenges:

    • Academic
      1. Learning disabilities and not doing well at school
    • Cognitive (thought process)
      1. Inability to understand consequences of misbehaving
      2. Talking to themselves in a childish way (for their age)
    • Emotional
      1. Depression and inability to control their emotions
      2. Unpredictable moods
    • Social
      1. Aggressiveness and lack of self-control
      2. Inability to follow instructions
      3. Inability to make friends
      4. Lying, stealing and taking high risks
      5. Poor social and problem-solving abilities
  • The treatment of ADHD may include any or a combination of the following:

    • Diet and nutrition changes to improve general health, which may help reduce the symptoms of ADHD
    • Educating the child and their family on behaviour change
    • Medication to control chemical imbalance in the brain and target brain areas responsible for focusing and self-control
    • Psychological counselling to help boost self-esteem

    It is important to note that education and psychological treatment need to be used together with medication to ensure an ideal outcome.

  • Our Specialists

    There are 38 SpecialistsView All

    • Aung Lele

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Location:

      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-43, 05-50 to 55
      Singapore 329563

      Contact No:
      6684 5522
    • Chan Lai Yeen Irene

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine - Neonatology

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      Clinic:
      I-Kidz Children's Clinic
      Location:
      290 Orchard Road #20-03
      Paragon Medical Centre
      Singapore 238859
      Contact No:
      62354788
    • Chiang See Ping

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Chiang Baby & Child Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-12
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6734 5676
    • Chiang Wen Chin

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Chiang Children's Allergy & Asthma Clini
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-12
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6734 5676
    • Chui Chan Hon

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Surgery Centre For Children
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #10-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6733 7381
    • Ee Teong Tai Kenny

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine - Neonatology

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      Clinic:
      Kinder Clinic Pte Ltd
      Location:
      290 Orchard Road #07-02/03
      Paragon
      Singapore 238859
      Contact No:
      67324718
    • Epton Natalie Ann

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine - Neonatology

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      Clinic:
      Sbcc Baby & Child Clinic
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-46/47
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6255 5017
    • Hia Ping Ping Cindy

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine

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      Clinic:
      International Baby Child & Adolescent Specialist Clinic
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #06-56/57
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4112
    • Ja Intarasoot

      Specialty:
      Dentistry - Paediatric Dentistry

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      Clinic:
      Mount Elizabeth Dental Surgery P/L
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #07-03
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67322112
    • Karuppiah Vellayappan

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine

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      Clinic:
      International Baby Child & Adolescent Specialist Clinic
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #06-56/57
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4112

    There are 38 SpecialistsView All

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