A hernia refers to the protrusion of an organ through a weakened section of the abdominal wall, and often manifests as a visible lump or bulge. The most common site for a hernia is the groin (inguinal hernia), but it can also form in other areas. Other common hernias include paraumbilical hernias (which develop either sides of the navel) and incisional hernias (which occur at various abdominal sites following abdominal surgery).
Surgery is the mainstay treatment for hernias. There are various procedures used which depend on the location of the hernia. Surgery might involve making an incision in the abdomen to return the abdominal contents to the abdominal cavity. Stitches and nylon meshes are used to close and reinforce the weakened area of the abdominal muscle. Inguinal hernias (those in the groin area) are usually restored using Minimally Invasive Laparoscopic Surgery. This surgical procedure uses a flexible and slender instrument, called a laparoscope, which is inserted through small incision in the groin, therefore allowing the hernia to be repaired from the inside, without the need for a large incision in the abdomen.