Vascular surgery may be recommended for many problems and conditions that affect the vascular system. It is used to treat peripheral vascular diseases, especially in diabetics, like acute or chronic limb ischaemia (sudden lack of blood supply to a limb). It may also be needed to repair aortic aneurysm, a bulge in the wall of the artery, that if left untreated, can burst and lead to bleeding and severe complications.
If you have renal (kidney) failure, you can have vascular surgery for vascular access creation (where a catheter or small tube is inserted in the arm or the leg for easy access to the bloodstream) and maintenance. In addition, vascular surgery can also be used to treat venous diseases including arterio-venous malformations (abnormal connections between arteries and veins), varicose veins (swollen and twisted veins), deep vein thrombosis (formation of blood clots in the deep vein especially in the legs), and venous leg ulcers (sores).
The surgery aims to treat the vascular, vein or artery problems through a multidisciplinary participation of endocrinologists (hormone specialists), wound care nurses and vascular fellow surgeons, as well as education and rehabilitation physicians.