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Aortic Aneurysm & Aortic Dissection

  • What is Aortic Aneurysm and Aortic Dissection?

    The aorta is the biggest artery in the body. It starts from the heart and supplies blood to the whole body through branches of arteries. Disease in the aorta can lead to abnormal narrowing and dilation (swelling) of the arteries. These diseases include aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection.

    Aortic aneurysm refers to the abnormal dilation of the aorta. The dilation of the aorta’s wall may cause the aorta to burst, which can then lead to massive internal bleeding and severe pain.

    Aortic dissection refers to a tearing in the wall of the aorta. The dissection causes the layers of the wall of the aorta to come apart as blood is flowing between the layers. Rapid blood loss can occur if the aorta is completely torn apart by the dissection. This presents a medical emergency.

  • These conditions are commonly linked with uncontrolled high blood pressure or any of the following conditions that lead to the weakening of the blood vessels wall:

    • Chronic high blood pressure, which affects the aortic tissue and makes it more prone to tearing
    • Congenital conditions (conditions that you are born with) that weaken and dilate the aorta’s wall (including Mafran’s syndrome and bicuspid aortic valve)
    • In rare instances, motor vehicle accidents might lead to aortic dissections due to traumatic injury to the chest.
    • Other potential causes include:
      1. Age
      2. Drug use
      3. Gender (being male),
      4. Pregnancy
    • Most aortic aneurysms have no symptoms
    • Symptoms of aortic dissection include:
      1. Abdominal pain
      2. Fainting
      3. Intense ripping pain in your chest or upper back
      4. Numb or cold extremities
      5. Stroke
      6. Sweating
  • Aortic aneurysm:

    • If you have no symptoms and your aneurysm is small, your doctor can suggest a “watch-and-wait” approach with regular monitoring of the size of your aneurysm using regular imaging tests
    • If your aneurysm is big enough or if it is growing more than 1cm a year, your doctor may recommend aortic surgery

    Aortic dissection:

    • Oral and intravenous (injected) medications to control your blood pressure and heart rate while the aorta is healing
    • Permanent monitoring of the diameter of the aorta to prevent enlargement or rupture of the aorta
    • If your dissection is affecting the first part of the aorta, your doctor will suggest surgery because heart and brain arteries may be at risk.
  • An aortic dissection can affect the blood supply to various parts of the body, leading to:

    • Damage to the aortic valve (aortic regurgitation)
    • Organ damage (including kidneys, intestines, heart, brain)
    • Stroke, which may lead to paralysis
    • Death
  • Our Specialists

    There are 62 SpecialistsView All

    • Agasthian T

      Specialty:
      Cardiothoracic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Agasthian Thoracic Surgery Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-12
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      62688875
    • Chee Tek Siong

      Specialty:
      Cardiology
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      C/O The Heart Specialist Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-10
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      62358733
    • Cheng Alfred

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Alfred Cheng Cardiac Care Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #15-15
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67357735
    • Chew Christopher

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      International Heart Clinic Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #06-07
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      63338383
    • Chia Stanley

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      63393638
      Clinic:
      Sports & Cardiology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-54/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4562
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart And Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      228510
      Contact No:
      67338638
    • Chiam Toon Lim Paul

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      The Heart And Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #08-06
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6735 3022
      Clinic:
      The Heart & Vascular Centre (Novena)
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #09-21
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6694 0140
    • Chow Hui Jeremy

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6339 3638
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      228510
      Contact No:
      67338638
      Clinic:
      Sports & Cardiology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-54/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4562
    • Chua Yeow Leng

      Specialty:
      Cardiothoracic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Cardiothoracic Surgical Centre Singapore
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #11-04
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67346393
    • Chuang Hsuan-Hung

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      63393638
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart And Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      228510
      Contact No:
      67338638
      Clinic:
      Sports & Cardiology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-54/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4562
    • Goh Ping Ping

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #16-07
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6887 3422
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6339 3638
      Clinic:
      Sports & Cardiology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-54/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4562

    There are 62 SpecialistsView All

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