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Carotid Artery Disease

  • What is Carotid Artery Disease?

    Your carotid arteries are a pair of blood vessels located inside the neck that deliver blood to your brain and head. Carotid Artery Disease results from the build-up of waxy deposits, called plaques, over the inner surface of the arteries. These plaques can eventually decrease or block the blood supply to your brain and may lead to stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), also known as “mini-stroke”, which occurs when a blood clot temporarily obstructs an artery that supplies blood to the brain.

    Carotid Artery Disease is responsible for 20%−30% of all strokes. The treatment of Carotid Artery Disease may include a combination of lifestyle changes, medication and in some cases surgery.

  • The causes of Carotid Artery Disease include:

    • Modifiable causes
      1. Conditions including obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol, which can increase the risk of carotid artery disease
      2. Smoking, lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet
    • Non-modifiable causes
      1. Age (women who are over 75 years of age have a greater risk than men in the same age group, and men younger than 75 years of age are more prone to developing carotid artery disease than women in the same age group)
      2. Family history of the disease
      3. Those who suffer from Coronary Artery Disease (hardening of the arteries supplying blood to the heart) are more prone to developing Carotid Artery Disease
  • Carotid Artery Disease may result in no symptoms. The build-up of the plaques can go unnoticed and may result in a TIA. If you experience a TIA, your chances of experiencing a stroke increase by 10 fold.

    The symptoms of a TIA are temporary (may last few minutes to a few hours), and they include any of the following:

    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Difficulty talking
    • Numbness, tingling or weakness on one side of the face or body, or in one arm or leg.
    • Sudden dizziness or confusion
    • Sudden lack of coordination, balance and difficulty in walking
    • Sudden loss of or blurred vision
    • Sudden severe headache

    It is crucial that you seek emergency help to receive immediate treatment in order to prevent the progression to a stroke.

  • Your doctor will evaluate your condition and discuss with you the range of treatment options suitable for you. These may include a combination of:

    • Lifestyle changes:
      1. Limit alcohol consumption
      2. Maintain a healthy diet
      3. Maintaining control of your blood pressure, diabetes and other heart diseases
      4. Quit smoking
      5. Take regular exercise
    • Medication to reduce the risk of stroke and other heart disease complications, as well as clot-dissolving medications
    • Surgery to unblock the artery and prevent future strokes
  • Stroke is the most common complication of carotid artery disease. A stroke can lead to

    • Death
    • Muscle weakness and paralysis
    • Permanent brain damage
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    • Agasthian T

      Specialty:
      Cardiothoracic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Agasthian Thoracic Surgery Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-12
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      62688875
    • Chee Tek Siong

      Specialty:
      Cardiology
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      C/O The Heart Specialist Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-10
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      62358733
    • Cheng Alfred

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Alfred Cheng Cardiac Care Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #15-15
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67357735
    • Chew Christopher

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      International Heart Clinic Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #06-07
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      63338383
    • Chia Stanley

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      63393638
      Clinic:
      Sports & Cardiology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-54/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4562
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart And Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      228510
      Contact No:
      67338638
    • Chiam Toon Lim Paul

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      The Heart And Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #08-06
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6735 3022
      Clinic:
      The Heart & Vascular Centre (Novena)
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #09-21
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6694 0140
    • Chow Hui Jeremy

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6339 3638
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      228510
      Contact No:
      67338638
      Clinic:
      Sports & Cardiology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-54/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4562
    • Chua Yeow Leng

      Specialty:
      Cardiothoracic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Cardiothoracic Surgical Centre Singapore
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #11-04
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67346393
    • Chuang Hsuan-Hung

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      63393638
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart And Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      228510
      Contact No:
      67338638
      Clinic:
      Sports & Cardiology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-54/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4562
    • Goh Ping Ping

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #16-07
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6887 3422
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6339 3638
      Clinic:
      Sports & Cardiology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-54/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 4562

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