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Insulin Administration

  • What is Insulin Administration?

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreatic cells. It controls the blood glucose (sugar) levels and helps the body cells to convert glucose to energy, or to store it. People with Type 1 Diabetes suffer from absolute lack of insulin in the body, due to the destruction of the pancreatic cells responsible for insulin secretion.

    To survive, Type 1 Diabetes patients need daily injection of insulin into the body, a process known as insulin administration. Type 2 Diabetes patients might also need insulin, if the body requires more insulin that it can produce.

  • Insulin administration is needed daily if you are a type 1 diabetes patient, in order to control your blood glucose levels. The exact dose of insulin needed is individualised and is calculated by your doctor. If an insulin overdose occurs, the blood sugar concentration can become too low, and therefore lead to coma and even death.

    Orange juice, table sugar, or any other pure form of sugar is usually given in order to raise blood sugar level, or glucose is injected into the blood stream if the patient is in a coma. If the insulin dose is not enough, the diabetic patient can go into a coma, as is the case for an overdose. A testing of blood glucose levels is needed to distinguish between the 2 types of comas.

    A low blood glucose level means the patient has received an overdose of insulin. If the levels are high, it means he/she hasn’t received enough insulin.

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