There are different treatment options available to treat kidney stones. Your doctor will assess your condition and suggest the appropriate treatment for you, depending on the size and type of your kidney stone(s).
If your kidney stones are small:
- No treatment is needed. With plenty of water, the stones may eventually pass out in the urine
- Pain killers may be prescribed to ease any pain during the passing of the stones
If your kidney stones are too large to pass on their own, your doctor may suggest a few options for kidney stones removal. These options include:
- Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) – a non-invasive procedure where shock waves are sent into the body to break down the kidney stones into smaller pieces, which are then passed out in the urine over the next few days
- Medication – to help break down the stones. Specific type of medication depends on the type of kidney stones
- Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) – a surgical procedure that involves making a small cut in the back to allow a special instrument (nephroscope) to be inserted into the kidney to locate and remove the stones
- Ureterorenoscopy (URS) – a surgical procedure where an endoscope (thin, flexible tube with a camera at the end) is inserted through the urethra, into the bladder and to the kidney to where the stone is located. The stones are then broken down and removed.