Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is an inherited condition which is characterised by the growth of cysts (sacs of fluid) on the kidneys. It can affect both kidneys, and the cysts can keep growing and multiplying until they constrict the healthy kidney tissues, affecting kidney function. PKD can cause hypertension, kidney stones, frequent urinary tract infections and brain aneurysms (abnormal dilation of brain arteries).
There are two types of Polycystic Kidney Disease:
- Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease
- Infantile Polycystic Kidney Disease (rare type)