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Pneumonia

  • What is Pneumonia?

    Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. It can affect anyone of any age however, the elderly (above 65 years old) and young children are most vulnerable to these infections. Pneumonia blocks the normal exchange of gas inside the lungs, which leads to low levels of the oxygen in the blood and poor removal of carbon dioxide from the body. The severity of pneumonia ranges from mild to life threatening.

  • Pneumonia can affect anyone at any age and it can usually be triggered by a cold or a bout of flu.

    • People who have a weakened immune system due to AIDS or cancer, are also at high risk of developing pneumonia.
    • Various micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites can cause pneumonia.
    • Young children are considered most prone to pneumonia, as well as the elderly, who may suffer from chronic illnesses like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes and congestive heart failure.

    Viral pneumonia often affects people living in areas where there are epidemics of respiratory viral infections including SARS and flu.

  • Symptoms associated with pneumonia differ considerably depending on the cause and the health condition of the patient. These may include:

    • Blue tinge to skin, lips, tongue and fingertips due to lack of oxygen
    • Breathing difficulty and wheezing
    • Chest pain when breathing and coughing
    • Coughing
    • Fever and chills
    • Greenish or yellowish sputum (phlegm)
  • Treatment of pneumonia depends on what triggered the infection. Your doctor will evaluate your condition and suggest the appropriate treatments for you. These may include:

    • Antibiotics to treat bacterial pneumonia
    • Antiviral medication to treat viral pneumonia
    • Hospitalisation may be required for severe cases of pneumonia to receive intravenous antibiotics and oxygen supply
    • Medication to ease pneumonia symptoms including cough, fever, chest pains and muscle aches (given together with suggested antibiotics and antiviral medication)
    • Plenty of bed rest, a healthy diet and lots of fluid may be enough to treat mild viral pneumonia
    • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) if pneumonia affects both lungs, leading to gas exchange failure
    • Bacteraemia (due to bacteria entering the blood)
    • Emphysema (infection of the lung airways)
    • Lung abscess (pus build up)
    • Pleural effusion (fluid build up between chest wall and the lung)
    • Septic shock can trigger circulation failure and lead to kidney failure and blood clotting abnormalities
  • Our Specialists

    There are 20 SpecialistsView All

    • Alvin Ng Choon Yong

      Specialty:
      Internal Medicine
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #11-13/14/15
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      68350035
    • Amy Elaine Lyn-Hwa Stebbings

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Chest and Internal Medicine Clinic
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-25
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6694 4333
    • Chan Kenneth Ping Wah

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Respiratory Medical Associates
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #04-33
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      67344788
    • Chan Tiong Beng

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Cough & Chest Specialist Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-02
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67387000
    • Cheong Tuck Hong

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Cheong Chest & Medical Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #10-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67343808
    • Chew Huck Chin

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Respiratory Medical Associates
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #04-33
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      67344788
    • Chin Nyat Kooi

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      N K Chin Chest & Medical Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #12-01
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      68340738
    • Eng Cher Tiew Philip

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Philip Eng Respiratory & Medical Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-14
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      68360378
    • Hui Kok Pheng

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Hui Kok Pheng Respiratory & Interna
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #11-03
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      68874360
    • Jim Teo Yeow Kwan

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #11-13/14/15
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      68350035

    There are 20 SpecialistsView All

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