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Hepatitis (A, B, C)

  • What is Hepatitis (A, B, C)?

    Hepatitis refers to the swelling of the liver. It can be caused by viral infections, chemicals, drug abuse, some medications and immune disorders. There are several forms of viral hepatitis including hepatitis A, B and C, which are caused by hepatitis A, B, and C viruses, respectively.

    Each type of viral hepatitis is spread by different methods and needs different treatment.

    Hepatitis A virus infection causes acute inflammation (swelling) of the liver and is a self-limiting disease with symptoms lasting for several weeks before the individual can recover completely. It leads to lifelong immunity.

    Hepatitis B infection is the most common infection of the liver. The majority of infected individuals recover from acute hepatitis B infections and become immune to it. However some people can develop a long-term hepatitis B infection, which leads to serious complications including chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver failure and liver cancer. Hepatitis B is endemic in Singapore and around 4% of the population are hepatitis B carriers.

    Hepatitis C infection is responsible for the development of chronic liver disease worldwide. Most infected people can’t get rid of the virus, and thus the virus causes ongoing damage to the liver over the years. Similar to hepatitis B, hepatitis C can lead to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer.

  • Hepatitis A virus is transmitted through:

    • Blood contact, drug use and sexual contact with infected persons
    • Consuming shellfish from water contaminated with sewage
    • Direct contact with food, drinks or objects contaminated with the faeces of an infected individual
    • The “faecal-oral” route in areas of poor hygiene and overcrowding

    Hepatitis B virus is mainly found in the blood, and it can also be found in semen and vaginal secretions. Hepatitis B can be acquired through:

    • Infected expecting mothers can transmit the infection to their newborn during childbirth
    • Other activities that involve contaminated blood entering the bloodstream of a susceptible individual
    • Sharing contaminated injections among drug users
    • Unsafe sexual contact with an infected person

    Hepatitis C virus is mainly found in the blood and is transmitted when the blood of an infected person enters the bloodstream of a susceptible person, like drug users sharing contaminated needles.

  • Some hepatitis patients are asymptomatic. However, the general symptoms may include any of the following:

    • Abdominal pain or discomfort
    • Dark urine
    • Decreased appetite
    • Fever
    • Jaundice (yellowish skin and eyes)
    • Tiredness
    • Nausea and dizziness
    • Oedema (swelling due to fluid build-up)
    • Painful joints
    • Pale stools
  • Hepatitis A

    There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A but there are treatment measures that help improve your condition:

    • Avoid drinking alcohol
    • Getting plenty of bed rest
    • Increasing fluid intake
    • Practising good personal hygiene to prevent faecal-oral transmission to other individuals
    • Taking prescribed medication if your symptoms worsen

    Hepatitis B

    Treatment of hepatitis B depends on the symptoms and stage of your disease and includes:

    • Anti-viral medication to stop the virus from replicating
    • Medication to ease symptoms

    Hepatitis C

    Treatment of hepatitis C aims to delay its complications, and these include:

    • Anti-viral medication to stop the virus from replicating
    • Avoid drinking alcohol as it can increase the liver damage
    • Regular screening for liver cancer for hepatitis C carriers, especially those who have liver cirrhosis (scarring of the liver)
    • Liver cancer
    • Liver cirrhosis
    • Liver failure
    • Early death
  • Our Specialists

    There are 28 SpecialistsView All

    • Ang Cheng Nee Benny

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Gastroenterology Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #09-10
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67330519
    • Chee Eng Nam Alexius

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Alexius Chee Gastroenterology & Medical Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #05-09
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6734 3343
    • Cheng Jun

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Cheng Jun Gastroenterology & Medical Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #15-06
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6732 2282
    • Cheong Wei Kuen

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Wk Cheong Gastrointestinal & Liver Specialists
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-03
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67340716/673
    • Chia Chung King

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Gutcare Digestive.Liver.Endoscopy Associates
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-58
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      67343435
    • Chua Tju Siang

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Chua Tju Siang Gastrointestinal Endoscopy And Liver Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #10-07
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6235 6136
      Clinic:
      Chua Tju Siang Gastrointestinal Endoscopy & Liver Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #09-44
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6268 8360
    • Eric Wee Wei Loong

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Nobel Gastroenterology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-39
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6694 0764
    • Fernandes Mark Lee

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Gutcare Digestive.Liver.Endoscopy Associates
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-58
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      67343435
    • Guan Richard

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Medical Clinic 1
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-02
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67388868
    • Ho Kok Tong

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Ho Kok Tong Gastro & Medical Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-15
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67322113

    There are 28 SpecialistsView All

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