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Liver Cirrhosis

  • What is Liver Cirrhosis?

    Liver cirrhosis is the scarring of the liver. The liver carries out many important functions including metabolism control, protein synthesis, vitamin and iron storage, bile production, as well as removal of toxins from the body. If the liver doesn’t work properly, it can lead to severe complications and even death.

    Cirrhosis occurs when healthy liver cells are replaced by scar tissues. Every time the liver is injured, it tries to repair itself and if the liver is continually injured, increasing number of healthy liver cells are replaced by scar tissue, leading to development of cirrhosis.

  • Liver cirrhosis can be caused by different liver diseases and conditions. The main causes include:

    • Chronic alcohol consumption
    • Hepatitis B and C infections

    Other causes include:

    • Autoimmune hepatitis, which is a liver disease caused by the body’s own immune system
    • Frequent exposure to environmental toxins and drugs
    • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which is caused by fat build up in the liver
    • Poorly formed or blocked bile ducts, which cause the bile to build up in the liver
    • Primary biliary cirrhosis caused by destruction of the bile ducts that carry bile out of the liver
    • Schistosomiasis, which is a parasitic infection common in developing countries
    • Wilson’s disease caused by the build up of copper in the liver
  • Liver cirrhosis patients may not show any symptoms in the early stages of the disease. However, when the disease develops and enough liver damage has occurred, you will experience the following symptoms:

    • Black stools
    • Changes in personality and confusion in severe cases
    • Tiredness and sleepiness
    • Fluid build up in the abdomen (ascites)
    • Itchy skin
    • Jaundice (yellowish eyes and skin)
    • Loss of weight and loss of appetite
    • Nausea
    • Red spider-looking spots on your chest and back (spider angiomas)
    • Sleeping difficulties
    • Swelling of the legs (oedema)
    • Vomiting blood
  • The liver damage caused by cirrhosis cannot be reversed. However, there are treatment options available to prevent or delay further damage and complications. The treatment depends on the cause of the cirrhosis:

    • Cirrhosis caused by chronic alcohol abuse is treated by avoiding alcohol consumption
    • Cirrhosis caused by Wilson’s disease can be treated with medications that get rid of the copper
    • Hepatitis-related cirrhosis is treated with medication, depending on the type of hepatitis infection
    • Liver transplant may be necessary for end-stage liver disease patients
    • Mental confusion due to high levels of toxins in the blood and brain
    • High blood pressure in the liver (portal hypertension)
    • Increased risk of liver cancer
  • Our Specialists

    There are 28 SpecialistsView All

    • Ang Cheng Nee Benny

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Gastroenterology Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #09-10
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67330519
    • Chee Eng Nam Alexius

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Alexius Chee Gastroenterology & Medical Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #05-09
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6734 3343
    • Cheng Jun

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Cheng Jun Gastroenterology & Medical Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #15-06
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6732 2282
    • Cheong Wei Kuen

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Wk Cheong Gastrointestinal & Liver Specialists
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-03
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67340716/673
    • Chia Chung King

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Gutcare Digestive.Liver.Endoscopy Associates
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-58
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      67343435
    • Chua Tju Siang

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Chua Tju Siang Gastrointestinal Endoscopy And Liver Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #10-07
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6235 6136
      Clinic:
      Chua Tju Siang Gastrointestinal Endoscopy & Liver Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #09-44
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6268 8360
    • Eric Wee Wei Loong

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Nobel Gastroenterology Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-39
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6694 0764
    • Fernandes Mark Lee

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Gutcare Digestive.Liver.Endoscopy Associates
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-58
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      67343435
    • Guan Richard

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Medical Clinic 1
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-02
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67388868
    • Ho Kok Tong

      Specialty:
      Gastroenterology

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      Clinic:
      Ho Kok Tong Gastro & Medical Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-15
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67322113

    There are 28 SpecialistsView All

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