Pelvic floor reconstruction is a surgical procedure that is done for severe pelvic organ prolapse in women. The pelvic floor includes the muscles, ligaments, connective tissue and nerves that support and control the bladder, uterus (womb), vagina and rectum (bowel). The pelvic floor holds these structures in place. When it weakens and can no longer support the weight of the pelvic organs, one or more of the organs may drop or ‘prolapse’ below their normal position, and press against the walls of the vagina. These sagging or falling organs can cause pain, discomfort and pressure in the vagina as well as urinary and bowel symptoms.
Pelvic floor reconstruction surgery usually consists of one of several different procedures for correcting pelvic organ prolapse. The goal of surgery is to restore the normal structure and function of the pelvic organs. There are different strategies and procedures for each type of prolapse and the treatment will depend on the severity of the prolapse.