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Uterine Cancer

  • What is Uterine Cancer?

    Uterine cancer is an abnormal growth of tissue in the uterus (womb). The uterus is made up of two layers – the uterine lining (the endometrium) and the muscle layer. Cancer in the uterine lining (carcinoma) is more common than cancer in the muscle (sarcoma).

  • The exact cause of uterine cancer is not known, but high oestrogen levels play a role in its development. Thus, prolonged exposure to oestrogen as a result of early menarche (first period) and late menopause increase the risk. Other factors include:

  • The main symptoms of uterine cancer are:

    • Abnormal vaginal bleeding:
      1. Heavy menstrual bleeding
      2. Irregular menstrual bleeding
      3. Postmenopausal bleeding
    • Occasional pelvic pain
    • Vaginal discharge
  • The main treatment for uterine cancer is surgery to remove your uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. The nearby lymph nodes are also likely to be removed. Additional (adjuvant) treatments include:

    • Chemotherapy
    • Hormone treatment
    • Radiotherapy

    Additional therapy will depend on the stage, grade and type of cancer.

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