Video anchor 13.FEB.2018 5 MIN READ | 5 MIN READ
Aches and pains not to ignore

Without proper diagnosis and treatment, minor symptoms may worsen. In the event of an injury, go to your nearest Accident and Emergency (A&E) department, where your injury will be assessed and you might be referred to a specialist for further diagnosis and treatment.

Here are 4 types of accident symptoms you should take seriously.

Pain and swelling in the knee

It may be a torn ligament or injured cartilage in the knee if there is:

  • Sudden pain
  • A loud snap
  • Swelling 

In the long run, it may lead to:

  • Persistent swelling
  • Instability
  • Permanent cartilage damage
  • Degenerative joint disease

Lower back pain

It may be a slipped disk if there is:

  • Pain in your lower back
  • Pain, numbness or weakness down your legs
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control

In the long run, it may lead to:

  • Poor posture
  • Regular muscle spasms
  • Permanent nerve damage

Twisted ankle

Ligaments in the ankle may be stretched or torn, and surrounding tendons, cartilage and blood vessels may be damaged. Symptoms include

  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Tenderness
  • Stiffness
  • Pain

In the long run, it may lead to:

  • A permanently unstable ankle
  • A limp
  • Permanent cartilage damage

Shoulder pain

It may be a torn tendon caused by a fall, repetitive arm motions or lifting heavy objects. Symptoms include:

  • Pain when lifting the arm
  • Clicking or popping sound when moving the shoulder
  • In the long run:
  • Chronic pain
  • Inflammation and stiffness in the joint

What should I do if I suspect an injury?

Go to the A&E department. Your injury may be assessed with:

  • A clinical examination
  • X-ray
  • MRI scan

Common treatment options include:

  • Medications
  • Heat and ice therapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Injections
  • Splints or braces
  • Keyhole surgery in serious cases

 

Article reviewed by

Dr Andrew Dutton, orthopaedic specialist at Mount Elizabeth Hospital
Dr Steve Tan, head of A&E department at Parkway Hospitals, Singapore

Infographic brought to you by Health Plus

13.FEB.2018