Your doctor will conduct a physical examination to check for symptoms such as swelling, pain on the back of the heel and limited range of ankle movement.
Your doctor may also recommend one of these diagnostic tests to determine the extent of the damage and decide on appropriate treatments:
Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) produces detailed, cross-sectional images of the organs and tissues within the body and will reveal any tissue degeneration or rupture.
Ultrasound scans can reveal inflammation or damage in the soft tissues, muscles, blood vessels, tendons, and joints. An ultrasound scan is one way to detect injuries to your Achilles tendon.
X-rays are usually not needed to diagnose Achilles tendonitis. It may be requested to rule out bone-related causes of pain such as bone spurs on the heel or stress fractures.
How is Achilles tendonitis treated?
Your doctor will recommend appropriate treatments for Achilles tendonitis based on the causes, symptoms and extent of the injuries. These treatments should help to reduce your heel pain and repair your tendons.
Non-surgical treatments may include:
Heat pads to relax muscles and increase blood flow
Ice packs to minimise swelling
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain