Your doctor will first perform a physical exam and ask about your symptoms. If appendix cancer is suspected, some diagnostic tests may be recommended:
There are several treatment options for appendix cancer. Your doctor will recommend an approach based on your overall health, the type and stage of cancer.
Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for appendix cancer. The type of surgery recommended will depend on the type and stage of cancer.
Surgical treatment options for appendix cancer include:
Appendectomy, or surgical removal of the appendix, is usually recommended for localised appendix cancer that has not yet spread to other parts of the body.
This involves the removal of the right part of the colon, and may need to be performed in patients with larger and more advanced cancers.
In patients with more advanced cancer that has spread within the abdomen (but not outside the abdomen), cytoreductive surgery may be performed , in addition to a right hemicolectomy, to remove tumour in affected tissues in the abdominal and pelvic cavity.
This is usually combined with HIPEC, a procedure that circulates heated chemotherapy drugs around the inside of your abdomen during surgery.
After the tumour is removed surgically, you may also be given medication to help fully eradicate the cancer.
Non-surgical therapies for appendix cancer include:
Like many other cancers, treatment for appendix cancer may result in side effects. The range and severity of these side effects will depend on the type of treatment you receive.
Some common side effects include: