Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD)
- Diagnosis & Treatment
How is HFMD diagnosed?
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is typically diagnosed through a clinical examination.
How is HFMD treated?
Most cases of HFMD respond well to conservative treatment at home. Being sufficiently hydrated is key to recovery. You should:
- Ensure adequate rest and fluids.
- Use oral numbing drops or gels to coat painful oral ulcers in younger children and infants. You can also give regular paracetamol and ibuprofen for pain relief prior to feeding.
- Provide cool food and drinks. Cool food and liquids such as juices, ice cream or yoghurt may be easier to eat with a painful mouth.
- Allow blisters to dry out naturally. Usually, the blisters are not itchy and do not require additional creams, lotions or medication for symptom relief.
- Observe good hand hygiene while taking care of your child to prevent the disease from spreading.
Note: You should bring your child to a doctor for clearance to return to childcare or school when their blisters have fully dried up and oral ulcers have healed.
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