Laryngeal cancer, or cancer of the larynx or voice box, refers to an abnormal growth of tissue in the larynx. This growth is called a tumour and develops when the cells in the larynx divide uncontrollably and produce extra tissue. Laryngeal cancer can occur on or above the vocal cords. This form of cancer is a common head and neck cancer in Singapore and is strongly associated with smoking.
There are 3 types of laryngeal cancer:
Symptoms of laryngeal cancer include:
The exact causes of laryngeal cancer are unknown, but the risk of getting the disease is increased by several factors, such as tobacco smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
Tobacco smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are the main risk factors for laryngeal cancer.