If you experience signs or symptoms that suggest leukemia, your doctor may carry out the following:
Treatment options are dependent on the person's age and health, the type of leukemia a person has, and whether it has spread to other parts of the body including the central nervous system.
Your doctor may recommend treatment options that involve:
Also known as stem cell transplant, bone marrow transplant is a procedure that replaces the damaged bone marrow by infusing healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body. Bone marrow transplant can use either cells from your own body or cells from a donor. Its goal is to manage or cure the disease, extend life, and improve quality of life.
Biological therapy or immunotherapy fights leukemia by using drugs to boost your immune system. There are various types of immunotherapy for leukemia, including allogeneic bone marrow transplant, therapeutic cancer vaccines, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, monoclonal antibody therapies, and donor lymphocyte infusions.
In chemotherapy, strong medicines are used to destroy cancerous cells and prevent them from reproducing. Chemotherapy as leukemia treatment usually involves several drugs given together in a therapy regimen. The drugs can be given either orally or intravenously.
Radiation therapy makes use of high-energy radiation to destroy cancer cells. The procedure, which takes only a few minutes, is similar to having an X-ray. It is painless, but the radiation is much stronger.
In targeted therapy, drugs are used to target the genes and proteins that contribute to the growth and survival of cancer cells. The drugs can be given to you orally through pills or capsules or intravenously.