Uterine cancer is an abnormal growth of tissue in the uterus (womb). The uterus consists of the endometrium (uterine lining) and the muscle layer. Cancer in the uterine lining is more common than cancer in the muscle.
There are 2 main types of uterine cancer:
The main symptoms of uterine cancer are:
The exact cause of uterine cancer is not known, but some risk factors are known to increase the chance of its occurrence.
High oestrogen levels play a role in the development of uterine cancer. This is why prolonged exposure to oestrogen as a result of early menarche (first occurrence of menstruation) and late menopause can increase the risk.
Other risk factors include: