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You may have been tempted to climb behind the wheel of your car after a post-work glass of wine, or after a couple of beers at your friend's birthday party.
But do you really know how many drinks you are allowed before you reach the legal drink-driving limit?
Drink responsibly and don't take the risk of hurting others or yourself.
Responsible drinking means drinking within the appropriate limits to avoid getting drunk and so that alcohol does not control your life or your relationships.
Healthy men, below 65 years old, should not consume more than:
Healthy women of any age and healthy men above 65 years old, should not consume more than:
Drinking responsibly means practising certain habits, such as:
Singapore's legal drink-driving limit is strictly enforced at 80 milligrams per 100ml of blood, or 0.08% blood alcohol content.
If your breath alcohol content is more than 35 micrograms of alcohol per 100ml of breath, or you are under the limit but appear to be out of control in your vehicle, you can still be criminally charged.
How much you can drink to stay under these limits depends on many factors, including:
The truth is, there is no foolproof way to drink and drive safely.
Even a small amount of alcohol can affect your driving ability, so it is always best to avoid drinking entirely when you plan to get behind the wheel. Instead, use public transportation or call a taxi to take you to your destination.
According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), even 0.02% blood alcohol content can impair your judgment. Here are just some of the effects drinking may have on your functions:
|0.02%||* Decline in ability to track moving objects
* Decline in ability to multi-task
|0.05%||* Decline in ability to track moving objects
* Reduced coordination and response time to emergencies
* Difficulty steering
|0.08%||* Decline in ability to process information
* Lack of speed control
* Reduced concentration, short-term memory loss and impaired perception
|0.10%||* Decline in ability to maintain lane position and brake at the right time|
|0.15%||* Decline in ability to process sights and sounds
* Impaired vehicle control
|0.16%||* Dysphoria (anxiety and distress) predominates
* The drinker appears as a sloppy drunk
|0.30%||* Alcohol poisoning
* Loss of consciousness
|0.40%||* Onset of coma
* Possible death due to respiratory arrest
A blood alcohol test is used to detect and measure the level of alcohol in your blood. It is more accurate than the breathalyzer that is commonly used.
Typical blood alcohol content (BAC) results are as follows:
Note that a standard drink is approximately a 355ml can of beer, half a glass (150ml) of wine, or a shot (44ml) of spirit.
On average, it takes about an hour for an adult to process 1 unit of alcohol so that there's none left in their bloodstream. (A standard alcohol unit is 8g of pure alcohol, which is about 330ml of 4% beer, 125ml of 13% wine or 25ml of 40% spirit.)
However, this is different for everybody. and not a sure-fire way to calculate whether you are under or over the legal drink-driving limit.
If you consume several alcoholic drinks over the course of an evening, you may even still be over the legal drink-driving limit the morning after, as the breakdown of alcohol by enzymes in your body depends on a mix of factors.
There is nothing you can do to make the alcohol disappear from your system quicker, so if you know you need to get behind the wheel the morning after a party:
Drinking doesn't just impact your ability to drive. While there is nothing wrong with enjoying the occasional drink, abusing alcohol regularly or in large quantities can affect your judgement, lead to dangerous situations and negatively impact your health.
To stay safe this holiday season:
Long-term alcohol abuse can have severely damaging effects, such as liver damage, diabetes, ulcers, high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack, infertility or cancer. If you are concerned about your drinking habits or need more advice, do consult your doctor.