15.AUG.2017 7 MIN READ | 7 MIN READ

Feeling sluggish at work and being unable to stay at the top of your game is a common problem.

You might be tempted to down a few cups of coffee to combat the fatigue, but too much caffeine can increase anxiety, make you jittery and contribute to insomnia.

Try these 10 tips to fight fatigue and stay alert throughout the day.

Plan your meals well

The food on your plate can be the deciding factor between a sluggish and a supercharged day. Many people skip breakfast and opt for a quick fix because they’re in a rush but a hearty breakfast gives you the energy you require to focus at work or school. Always ensure you’re eating a balanced mix of nutrients, and try to include protein and complex carbs in every meal. Wholegrains, nuts, vegetables and lean protein are all great options. The key here is to aim for balanced blood sugar levels so your energy will be consistent and you’re likely to feel sluggish throughout the day.

Get up and move around

If you work at a desk, get up frequently for brisk 10-minute walks. Research suggests that modest exercise can give adults a significant and lasting energy boost. That’s because exercise gets your heart rate up and sends oxygen pumping through your veins, brain and muscles, making you feel more alert and refreshed.

Converse with your colleagues

Get up from your office chair every now and then to interact with your colleagues in person instead of via email. Besides work matters, talk about things that stimulate your interest, such as politics or religion, or trade funny stories. Doctors say that we are social creatures, and engaging in conversation is a strong behavioural stimulator. Even introverts get a mood boost from social contact. Interacting with those around you and engaging in conversation will get your mind moving and make you feel more energised.

Get some sun

Research shows that sunlight exposure triggers the brain’s release of serotonin, a hormone associated with boosting mood, while reducing the production of excess melatonin, a hormone which makes you feel sleepy. Try to spend at least 30 minutes a day outside in the sun. Aside from its mood-boosting effects, daylight can also help you sleep better at night. Early morning light is said to help reset your biological clock each day – it tells your brain to wake up when you need to, and keeps your biological clock on track so that you can get to sleep at night.

Breathe deeply

Breathing deeply shuttles more oxygen to various parts of your body, which can improve circulation and boost your dipping energy levels. While you’re seated, place your hands over your stomach and breathe into your tummy so that your hands rise and fall with your breath. Breathe in deeply through your nose and let your belly push your hand out. Then breathe out through your mouth, with your lips pursed as if you were whistling. Do this for 10 full breaths. Deep breathing also decreases stress and anxiety, which in turn helps to boost your immune system, keeping you healthy and strong.

Drink up

Did you know that fatigue is also a symptom of dehydration? When you skimp on water, the cells in your body shrink, so they can't function as efficiently, triggering feelings of fatigue. The most consistent effects of mild dehydration include increased fatigue, decreased vigour, headache, sleepiness and concentration difficulties. The solution is simple: a tall, cool glass of water. Staying hydrated will help your blood in transporting oxygen and other nutrients to your cells, boosting your energy and keeping you powered.

Take frequent short breaks

Continuously looking at a computer screen strains your eyes and worsens sleepiness. Taking periodic breaks prevents you from becoming fatigued and tired. A simple 5-minute break can help you slow down, relax your eyes and clear your head. Look away from the screen, or rest quietly with your eyes closed for a few minutes periodically throughout the day.

Have a power snack

Have a small, healthy snack every 4 hours throughout the day. It’s much better to continually refuel your body before it runs empty than to wait until you’re in danger zone than overdo it. Large meals can make you feel foggy and lethargic because digestion requires energy. Eating small snacks packed with certain nutrients such as iron (iron deficiency is a common source of fatigue), protein and fibre will give you sustained energy throughout the day.

Get moving in your seat

Possibly one of the top causes of fatigue in deskbound workers is the inability to move around much in your seat. Luckily, there are some handy techniques to trick your body into thinking it’s somewhere else other than stuck at a desk. Point and release your toes, grab shoulders with the opposite arm, roll your shoulders, pull your knees into your body, or do some neck rolls, heel lifts, or ankle circles. Then, give yourself a little love by massaging your calves or the back of your legs. The motions will keep the blood flowing in your body and stretch your muscles.

Make a good night’s sleep a priority

It is no new news that many of us don’t get quality sleep at night, and that is one main reason why we wake up feeling sluggish and grumpy in the morning. To ensure another energised 9-to-5, prioritise sleep and keep a regular sleep-wake schedule. Aim for 7 – 8 hours of sleep every night. Avoid bright screens – computers, TV, laptops – before you go to bed. Instead, try a hot bath or listen to classical music to snooze soundly. If you’re someone who wakes up with hot flashes, leave a cup of iced water by your bedside so that you can sip on it to cool down your body temperature, and ease back into sleep.


Article reviewed by Dr Othello Dave, medical reviewer at Health Plus

References

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Caffeine and Sleep: Keep It From Stealing Yours. (2017, March 6). Retrieved August 14, 2017, from https://www.caffeineinformer.com/caffeine-and-sleep

Effects of Slow Deep Breathing at High Altitude on Oxygen Saturation, Pulmonary and Systemic Hemodynamics. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3495772/

Iron deficiency anemia. (2016, November 11). Retrieved August 14, 2017, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/manage/ptc-20266647

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Pross, N., Demazières, A., Girard, N., Barnouin, R., Metzger, D., Klein, A., Perrier, E. & Guelinckx, I. (2014). Effects of Changes in Water Intake on Mood of High and Low Drinkers. PLOS One, 9(4).

Sharp, N. (2014, March 14). 10 Quick Ways to Boost Energy and Fight Fatigue. Retrieved August 14, 2017, from http://www.livestrong.com/blog/10-quick-ways-boost-energy-fight-fatigue/#ixzz4pmuvvqOq

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15.AUG.2017