We create new possibilities for life We create new possibilities for life

WhatsApp Appointment

Orchard  +65 8111 7777

Novena  +65 8111 5777

  • Mount Elizabeth

Arthritis: Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis

  • What is arthritis (joint inflammation)?

    Arthritis refers to the inflammation of the joints, which often comes with pain and swelling in the joints. It can occur in both small joints (eg. fingers) and large joints (eg. hip or knee). The joints can become stiff or deformed, resulting in disability or decreased mobility.

    There are 2 types of arthritis:

    • Osteoarthritis – 'wear-and-tear' in joints, which is the most common form of arthritis
    • Rheumatoid arthritis or gout, or inflammatory arthritis – chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the joints, blood vessels and organs
    • Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease caused by overuse of the affected joint(s). Although usually a disease of ageing, young people can also have osteoarthritis from past sports injuries.
    • In rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system attacks the body instead of protecting it, causing the swelling of the joints.
  • Osteoarthritis worsens as the day progresses. By evening, the person is likely to feel a dull ache in the affected joint.

    Other symptoms of arthritis include:

    • A sensation of grating or grinding in the affected joint caused by rubbing of the damaged cartilage surface (called crepitation)
    • Changes in surrounding joints
    • Cysts (lumps) in the hand that may cause ridging or dents in the nail plate of the affected finger
    • Pain
    • Stiffness of the affected joints
    • Swelling in the affected joints
    • Warmth – The joint may feel warm to the touch
  • Treatment includes:

    • Exercise – To maintain the strength of the muscles and ligaments to stabilise the joints
    • Medicines –
      1. Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs for rheumatoid arthritis
      2. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain, swelling and stiffness
      3. Steroids may be injected directly into a joint to ease pain and swelling
    • Physiotherapy – Exercises to stabilise the joint
    • Surgery – To correct joint deformity or to replace a badly damaged joint
  • Rheumatoid arthritis can affect many organs in the body. Therefore, treatment is important to prevent anaemia (low levels of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood), fibrosis (thickening and scarring) of the lung(s), risk of heart attacks and strokes, and some cancers.

  • Our Specialists

    There are 85 SpecialistsView All

    • Alan Cheung

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      International Orthopaedic Clinic
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-24
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6253 7111
    • Andrew Quoc Dutton

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      Elite Orthopaedics Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #12-10
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      68368000
    • Ang Chia Liang

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      Centurion Orthopaedic Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-35
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6970 5835
    • Ang Kian Chuan

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      Orthosports Orthopaedic Surgery & Sports Medicine
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-41
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 8168
    • Antony Gardner

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      Orthopaedic Associates
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #11-49/50/51
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6334 0622
      Clinic:
      Orthopaedic Associates
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #16-03
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      62358755
    • Bell David Paul

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      Orthosports Orthopaedic Surgery & Sports Medicine
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-41
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 8168
    • Bose Kamal

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      Bose Bone, Joint & Spine Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-12
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67387155
    • Chan Beng Kuen

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      Orthopaedics International
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #06-03
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67376386
    • Chan Ying Ho Henry

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      Hc Orthopaedic Surgery
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #15-14
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6732 8848
    • Chang Haw Chong

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      Synergy Orthopaedic Group Pte Ltd
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #06-59/60
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6884 6788

    There are 85 SpecialistsView All

  • Related Health Articles

  • Multimedia