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Bowing of the Knee (Genu Varum)

  • What is Bowing of the Knee (Genu Varum)?

    Bowing of the knee is an outward curvature of the knee that results in bowed legs, whereby the knees do not touch when standing. Its appearance is most obvious between the ages of 12 – 18 months and can occur in 1 or both knees.

  • Bowing of the knee is usually caused by:

    • Blount's disease (problems with development of the growth plate on the inner side of the knee)
    • Previous infection or injury
    • Rickets (softening/weakening of bones in children)

    The condition may develop spontaneously in an overweight adolescent who previously had straight legs.

  • Symptoms include:

    • An obvious gap between the knees when standing with the feet together
    • Worsening deformity with time if left untreated
    • There is usually no pain
  • Surgical treatments include:

    • Osteotomy, which is a cut in the bone for realignment. It may be necessary for an older teenager who has stopped growing
    • Temporary tether of the normal outer growth plate at the knee in a younger child or a permanent tether in an older child
    • Adolescent bowing of the knee may be painful
    • Complications occasionally seen after surgery include:
      1. Compartment syndrome (increased pressure in a muscle compartment)
      2. Growth disturbance
      3. Infection
      4. Recurrence of deformity
    • Untreated bowing of the knee may cause pain on the medial (inner) part of the knee and arthritis during adulthood
  • Our Specialists

    There are 72 SpecialistsView All

    • Antony Westwood Gardner

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Orthopaedic Associates
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #11-49/50/51
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6334 0622
    • Ang Chia Liang

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Island Orthopaedic Consultants Pte Ltd
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-42
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6352 0529
    • Ang Kian Chuan

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Orthosports Orthopaedic Surgery & Sports Medicine
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-41
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 8168
    • Bell David Paul

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Orthosports Orthopaedic Surgery & Sports Medicine
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-41
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6734 8168
    • Bose Kamal

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Bose Bone, Joint & Spine Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-12
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67387155
    • Chan Beng Kuen

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Orthopaedics International
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #06-03
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67376386
    • Cheng Wei Nien

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Cheng Orthopaedic Spine & Recon
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #03-03
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6735 1825
    • Cheung Tin Lung Alan

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      International Orthopaedic Clinic
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #05-24
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6253 7111
    • Chew Tec Hock Jeffrey

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Centre For Orthopaedics & Hip & Knee Surgery
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #16-10
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6738 2628
      Clinic:
      Centre For Orthopaedics And Hip And Knee Surgery
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-34/35
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6684 5828
    • Chew Yoon Chong Winston

      Specialty:
      Orthopaedic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Hand Surgery Associates
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-51/52/53
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6690 5690

    There are 72 SpecialistsView All

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