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Tendonitis

  • What is Tendonitis?

    Tendonitis is an inflammatory disease of the tendons. Tendons are tough, but flexible, bands of fibrous tissue that connect your muscles to your bones. If the tendon becomes inflamed, it will become irritated by the action of your muscles, and movement will be painful.

    Tendonitis can occur in any tendon in your body, but tends to occur in the ankle (Achilles or Posterior Tibia Tendon), wrist, kneecap, elbow or shoulder.

  • Tendonitis is usually caused by trauma, such as a sudden injury in sport or an overuse injury when running. Other causes include inflammatory diseases such as Reactive Arthritis (formerly called Reiter’s Syndrome) or Rheumatoid Arthritis.

    Tendon problems are most common in middle-aged people (age 40 to 60 years). At this age, your tendons are not as elastic and forgiving as they were when you were younger, so are more likely to become injured.

  • All forms of Tendonitis cause pain, swelling and tenderness in the area of the involved tendon. The onset may be rapid, such as with an athletic injury.

    • Achilles Tendonitis causes pain and swelling in the back of the heel.
    • Patellar (Kneecap) Tendonitis, which is also called jumper’s knee, causes your tendon to become inflamed and painful.
    • Posterior Tibia Tendonitis occurs near the Achilles Tendon, but is less common — The symptoms are felt on the inner side of the ankle.
    • Rotator Cuff Tendonitis is a cause of pain in the shoulder.
    • Tennis Elbow causes pain over the outside of the elbow. Although it is commonly associated with people who play tennis, it can occur in people who perform other sports or repetitive activities of the wrist and elbow.
    • Wrist Tendonitis can cause pain and swelling around the wrist.
  • Treatment of Tendonitis involves resting the area, raising the affected limb and applying ice to treat the inflammation. You may be given Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs to treat pain and help to decrease inflammation. If you have more severe inflammation, you may require a plaster cast.

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