Orthopaedic Surgery (Bones) - Related Conditions

Orthopaedic conditions affect the musculoskeletal system. They could be due to a fall or accident, overuse, a congenital condition or degeneration with age.

Find out about orthopaedic conditions affecting different parts of the body.

Foot and ankle

Injuries to the foot and ankle are common, especially among athletes and older adults. Some injuries may be acute, because of a fall or accident, while others may be the result of overuse or a chronic, degenerative condition.


Hand and wrist

Injuries to the hand and wrist may be attributed to many causes, ranging from overuse and wear and tear, to impact from sports, occupational activity, and accidents. Without diagnosis and treatment, some of these can lead to long-term problems that affect hand strength and function.



The knees bear a lot of impact from daily activities as well as sports. Accidents, overuse or wear-and-tear from aging can lead to injuries that impact mobility. This may require treatment, either non-surgical or surgical, to prevent it from getting worse.

Musculoskeletal tumour

  • Benign tumour
  • Metastasis
  • Primary cancers of the bones (bone tumour)
  • Primary cancers of the soft tissues

Paediatric orthopaedics


The shoulder joint is prone to injuries from repetitive and excessive overhead motion which are common in certain sports such as tennis, badminton, swimming and weightlifting, and jobs like painting. Some shoulder injuries are also caused by degenerative conditions that occur with age.

Back and spine

The spine is vital for the body’s structure, enabling movement and protecting the spinal cord and nerves. Any injury to the spine, either from degenerative conditions or accidents, could lead to severe consequences.

*This is not a complete list of all the conditions that we recognise and treat. The information is designed for educational reference only and should not be taken as medical advice.

Please consult one of our qualified healthcare specialists for an accurate diagnosis before starting any treatment.

This page has been reviewed by our medical content reviewers.

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