A trans-thoracic electrocardiogram is a non-invasive, safe and painless diagnostic test that uses ultrasound (high frequency) waves to record images of your heart and its various structures including the heart chambers and valves. The resulting images of the beating heart with blood circulating through it will allow the doctor to detect heart abnormalities and assess the pumping function of your heart.
The results of the echocardiogram will allow the doctor to detect, evaluate and monitor any functional and structural abnormalities in your heart. These abnormalities may include tumours, fluid around the heart, a hole in the heart, heart murmur, infection on or around the heart valves and damage to the heart muscle following a heart attack. It also allows your doctor to assess if your heart is pumping blood adequately and if the valves are working normally.
An echocardiogram can also detect congenital heart diseases and can be used to detect the source of a blood clot after a stroke.